Explore Historical Ayutthaya, Thailand: Perfect 1-Day Itinerary

Ayutthaya, Thailand

1 days

Row of Buddha statues
Ayutthaya Buddha head trapped in bodhi tree roots
Chaiwatthanaram temple pagoda
Chaiwattanaram temple panorama
Novice buddhist monks

About Ayutthaya, Thailand

Discover the ancient city of Ayutthaya, Thailand, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, steeped in history and culture. Once the capital of the Kingdom of Siam, Ayutthaya is home to magnificent ruins of temples, palaces, and Buddha statues, reflecting its past grandeur. Explore the Ayutthaya Historical Park, visit the iconic Wat Chaiwatthanaram, and marvel at the Buddha head entwined in tree roots at Wat Mahathat. Enjoy a scenic boat ride along the Chao Phraya River and savor authentic Thai cuisine. Ayutthaya, just an hour's drive from Bangkok, offers a fascinating glimpse into Thailand's rich heritage, making it a must-visit for history buffs and culture enthusiasts.

1-Day Itinerary

Day 1

Exploring the Ancient City of Ayutthaya

Morning

Start your day with a visit to the Ayutthaya Historical Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Explore the ancient ruins of temples, palaces, and Buddha statues in the old city of Ayutthaya, which was the capital of Thailand for 417 years.

Lunch

Enjoy a traditional Thai lunch by the riverside. Savor the flavors of local dishes like Pad Thai, Green Curry, and Mango Sticky Rice.

Afternoon

After lunch, take a boat tour around the island city. This will give you a different perspective of the Ayutthaya ruins and its surrounding temples. Don't miss the Wat Phanan Choeng, known for its towering Buddha statue.

Dinner

For dinner, try some street food at the Ayutthaya Night Market. Here, you can taste a variety of Thai snacks and desserts, such as coconut pancakes and fried bananas.

Evening

End your day with a visit to the Ayutthaya Floating Market. It's a great place to buy souvenirs, watch traditional Thai performances, and enjoy the vibrant night atmosphere.

Attractions in Itinerary (6)

Ayutthaya Historical Park

1
Ayutthaya Historical Park

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Ayutthaya Historical Park is an archaeological site, which contains the remains of historical structures such as temples, palaces, and Buddha statues.

Attractions
Monuments
Cultural Experiences
Architecture
Wat Phanan Choeng

2
Wat Phanan Choeng

Wat Phanan Choeng is a Buddhist temple in the city of Ayutthaya, Thailand, on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River at the south-eastern side of the Ayutthaya island. It is one of Ayutthaya's best known temples and a major tourist attraction.

Attractions
Religious Sites
Cultural Experiences
Ayutthaya Night Market

3
Ayutthaya Night Market

A vibrant night market offering a variety of local food, drinks, and shopping opportunities.

Attractions
Food and Drink
Shopping
Cultural Experiences
Ayutthaya Floating Market

4
Ayutthaya Floating Market

A vibrant market offering a variety of food, clothes, and souvenirs. It also features cultural performances.

Shopping
Food and Drink
Boat tour around Ayutthaya

5
Boat tour around Ayutthaya

A boat tour around Ayutthaya offers a unique perspective of the ancient city and its many temples. It's a relaxing way to see the sights and learn about the history of the area.

Tours
Cultural Experiences
Riverside Lunch

6
Riverside Lunch

Riverside Lunch is a well-known dining spot in Ayutthaya, Thailand. It offers a unique dining experience with its riverside location, providing stunning views while you enjoy your meal. The menu features a variety of Thai dishes, making it a must-visit for food lovers.

Food and Drink

Local Food and Drinks (12)

Roti Sai Mai

Roti Sai Mai

A popular sweet treat in Ayutthaya, Roti Sai Mai is a thin, crepe-like pancake rolled up with strands of spun sugar, often flavored with pandan.

Boat Noodles

Boat Noodles

Originally sold from boats on the canals of Ayutthaya, these small bowls of noodles come in a rich, dark broth flavored with soy, sugar, and spices, and are typically topped with pork or beef.

Tom Yum Goong

Tom Yum Goong

A famous Thai soup, Tom Yum Goong is a hot and sour soup with shrimp, lemongrass, galangal, kaffir lime leaves, and chili. It's a must-try in Ayutthaya.

Pad Thai

Pad Thai

A classic Thai dish, Pad Thai is a stir-fried noodle dish typically made with shrimp, tofu, eggs, bean sprouts, peanuts, and lime. It's a common street food in Ayutthaya.

Som Tam

Som Tam

Originating from Northeast Thailand, Som Tam is a spicy green papaya salad made with tomatoes, long beans, chili, lime, fish sauce, and peanuts. It's a refreshing dish to try in Ayutthaya.

Mango Sticky Rice

Mango Sticky Rice

A beloved dessert in Ayutthaya, Mango Sticky Rice is made with glutinous rice, fresh mango slices, and a sweet coconut sauce.

Green Curry

Green Curry

A popular Thai dish, Green Curry is made with green curry paste, coconut milk, meat, and vegetables. It's a flavorful dish to try in Ayutthaya.

Massaman Curry

Massaman Curry

Originating from Southern Thailand, Massaman Curry is a rich, slightly sweet curry made with meat, potatoes, and peanuts. It's a hearty dish to try in Ayutthaya.

Thai Iced Tea

Thai Iced Tea

Known locally as Cha Yen, this is a sweet and creamy drink made with black tea, sugar, and condensed milk. It's a refreshing drink to try in Ayutthaya.

Khao Soi

Khao Soi

A Northern Thai dish, Khao Soi is a creamy coconut curry noodle soup topped with crispy noodles. It's a unique dish to try in Ayutthaya.

Kanom Krok

Kanom Krok

A traditional Thai dessert, Kanom Krok is a coconut rice pancake that's crispy on the outside and soft on the inside. It's a sweet treat to try in Ayutthaya.

Singha Beer

Singha Beer

A popular Thai beer, Singha is a pale lager that's a perfect accompaniment to spicy Thai dishes. It's a must-try in Ayutthaya.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Ayutthaya, Thailand is between November and February during the cool and dry season. During this period, the weather is most comfortable for sightseeing and exploring the ancient ruins. The average temperature ranges from 18°C to 32°C, making it ideal for outdoor activities. However, it's also the peak tourist season, so expect some crowds at popular sites.

National holidays

Here you can find the national calendar of all public holidays for the year. These dates are subject to change as official changes are announced, so check back regularly for updates.

DateDayHoliday Name

January 1

Mon

New Year's Day

February 24

Sat

Makha Bucha

February 26

Mon

Day off for Makha Bucha

April 6

Sat

Chakri Day

April 8

Mon

Chakri Day observed

April 13

Sat

Songkran

April 14

Sun

Songkran

April 15

Mon

Songkran

April 16

Tue

Songkran Observed

May 1

Wed

Labor Day

May 4

Sat

Coronation Day

May 6

Mon

Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day

May 6

Mon

Coronation Day observed

June 3

Mon

Queen Suthida's Birthday

July 20

Sat

Buddhist Lent Day

July 22

Mon

Day off for Buddhist Lent Day

July 28

Sun

King Vajiralongkorn's Birthday

July 29

Mon

King Vajiralongkorn's Birthday observed

August 12

Mon

The Queen's Birthday

October 13

Sun

Anniversary of the Death of King Bhumibol

October 14

Mon

Anniversary of the Death of King Bhumibol observed

October 23

Wed

Chulalongkorn Day

December 5

Thu

King Bhumibol's Birthday/Father's Day

December 10

Tue

Constitution Day

December 31

Tue

New Year's Eve

Please note that during national and public holidays, opening hours for establishments, museums, etc. may vary. Don't forget to check in advance!

How to get around

Ayutthaya is a relatively small city, and many of the main historical sites are within a short distance of each other. Renting a bicycle is a popular way to get around, and rentals are available throughout the city.

For those who prefer a faster mode of transport, motorbikes are also available for rent. This can be a good option for visiting sites that are further afield, but be aware that you will need an international driving permit.

A songthaew is a type of passenger vehicle in Thailand adapted from a pick-up or a larger truck and used as a share taxi. They operate on fixed routes around Ayutthaya, and are a cheap and efficient way to get around.

Tuk-tuks are three-wheeled motorized vehicles that are commonly used for short trips around the city. They are more expensive than songthaews, but can be more convenient as they can take you directly to your destination.

There are several rivers and canals that run through Ayutthaya, and taking a boat can be a scenic and enjoyable way to get around. There are public ferries as well as private boat tours available.

Taxis are available in Ayutthaya, although they are less common than in larger cities like Bangkok. They can be a good option for longer trips or if you have a lot of luggage.

Ridesharing services, such as Grab, are available in Ayutthaya. This can be a convenient option as you can book and pay for your ride using the app, and it can be cheaper than a taxi.

Ayutthaya is on the main north-south train line, and the train station is located east of the island. Trains can be a good option for getting to and from Ayutthaya, but are less useful for getting around the city itself.

There are local buses that operate in Ayutthaya, although they can be less convenient than other forms of transport as they operate on fixed routes and schedules. However, they can be a cheap way to get around.

While we strive for accuracy in our "How to get around" section, the information may not always be up-to-date or 100% accurate; we highly recommend cross-checking with local resources before your travel.

Important information

Currency฿ THB

Time zoneUTC+7

Driving sideLeft

Emergency phoneAmbulance: 191; Fire: 199; Police: 191

Drinking waterOpt for bottled water

Power sockets

Power socket type APower socket type BPower socket type C

Voltage230 V

Things to know about Ayutthaya, Thailand as a first time visitor

1

Ayutthaya is located about 80 kilometers north of Bangkok, making it a popular day trip from the capital.

2

The city was the capital of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya from 1350 to 1767, and is known for its historical ruins.

3

The official language is Thai, but English is commonly spoken in tourist areas.

4

The local currency is the Thai Baht (THB). Credit cards are accepted in most places, but it's a good idea to carry some cash for smaller vendors.

5

Ayutthaya is hot year-round, with average temperatures ranging from 79°F (26°C) to 95°F (35°C). The hottest months are April and May, while the coolest are December and January.

6

The rainy season runs from May to October. If you're visiting during this time, be prepared for sudden showers.

7

Ayutthaya is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, so respect for the historical sites is expected. Do not climb on the ruins.

8

Dress modestly when visiting temples. Shoulders and knees should be covered.

9

The city is relatively safe for tourists, but as with any travel destination, it's important to be aware of your surroundings and keep your belongings secure.

10

Street food is a big part of Thai culture. Try local specialties like pad thai, green curry, and mango sticky rice.

11

Tuk-tuks are a common form of transportation in Ayutthaya. Always agree on a price before starting your journey.

12

Ayutthaya is known for its night markets, where you can find a variety of food, clothes, and souvenirs.

13

Tap water is not safe to drink. Always opt for bottled water.

14

Ayutthaya is in the Indochina Time Zone (ICT), which is 7 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+7).

15

Electricity in Thailand is 220 Volts, with a frequency of 50 Hz. The plug types are A, B, C, and O, so you may need a travel adapter.

16

Healthcare facilities in Ayutthaya are adequate for minor illnesses and injuries, but for serious conditions, it's recommended to go to Bangkok.

17

The emergency number in Thailand is 1669 for medical, 199 for police, and 199 for fire.

18

It's customary to remove your shoes before entering someone's home or a temple.

19

Bargaining is common in markets, but do it respectfully and with a smile.

20

Respect for the Thai Royal Family is deeply ingrained in Thai culture. Criticism of the monarchy is illegal and can result in severe penalties.

Basic Thai to know as a first time visitor

English phrase

Native phrase

Pronunciation

When to use it

Hello

สวัสดี

Sawasdee

Greeting someone

Goodbye

ลาก่อน

La korn

Leaving or saying goodbye

Please

โปรด

Proht

Making a request

Thank you

ขอบคุณ

Khob khun

Expressing gratitude

Yes

ใช่

Chai

Agreeing or confirming

No

ไม่

Mai

Disagreeing or denying

Excuse me

ขอโทษ

Khor thot

Getting attention or apologizing

I'm sorry

ฉันขอโทษ

Chan khor thot

Apologizing

Do you speak English?

คุณพูดภาษาอังกฤษได้ไหม

Khun phut phasa angkrit dai mai

Trying to communicate

I don't understand

ฉันไม่เข้าใจ

Chan mai khao jai

Difficulty in understanding

Where is the toilet?

ห้องน้ำอยู่ที่ไหน

Hong nam yu tee nai

Looking for a toilet

How much does this cost?

นี่ราคาเท่าไหร่

Nee raka thao rai

Asking for price

I would like to order

ฉันต้องการสั่ง

Chan tongkan sang

Ordering food or drinks

Water

น้ำ

Nam

Asking for water

Help!

ช่วยด้วย!

Chuai duay!

In case of emergency

Where is...?

...อยู่ที่ไหน

...yu tee nai

Asking for directions

Can I have the bill, please?

ขอเอาบิลด้วย

Khor ao bill duay

Asking for the bill

Good morning

สวัสดีตอนเช้า

Sawasdee ton chao

Morning greeting

Good night

ราตรีสวัสดิ์

Ratri sawasdi

Night greeting

I'm lost

ฉันหลงทาง

Chan long thang

When you're lost

Packing List

  • Clothing

  • Lightweight clothing

  • Comfortable walking shoes

  • Hat or cap for sun protection

  • Sunglasses

  • Swimwear (if planning to swim)

  • Rain jacket or umbrella (for unpredictable weather)

  • Toiletries

  • Travel-size shampoo and conditioner

  • Travel-size body wash or soap

  • Toothbrush and toothpaste

  • Deodorant

  • Sunscreen

  • Insect repellent

  • Hand sanitizer

  • Personal medication

  • Travel-size first aid kit

  • Travel documents and essentials

  • Passport

  • Driver's license or ID card

  • Credit and debit cards

  • Cash in local currency

  • Travel insurance documents

  • Hotel and transportation reservation confirmations

  • Emergency contacts and addresses

  • Electronics and gadgets

  • Smartphone

  • Charger for smartphone

  • Power bank

  • Camera (if you don't want to use your phone for photos)

  • Charger for camera

  • Adapters or converters for plugs

  • Miscellaneous items

  • Reusable water bottle

  • Snacks

  • Travel guidebook or map

  • Travel pillow for the journey

  • Earplugs and eye mask

  • Tissues or wet wipes

  • Plastic bags for dirty clothes or shoes

Weather Conditions

Ayutthaya, Thailand experiences a tropical monsoon climate, which means the weather can be quite unpredictable. However, there are general patterns that can guide you when planning your visit. The city experiences three main seasons: the cool season (November to February), the hot season (March to June), and the rainy season (July to October). The cool season is the most comfortable time to visit Ayutthaya, with temperatures ranging from 68°F to 86°F (20°C to 30°C). It's the perfect time for sightseeing and exploring the city's historical sites. However, it's also the peak tourist season, so expect larger crowds and higher prices. The hot season can be quite intense, with temperatures soaring up to 104°F (40°C). If you're not used to such heat, it might be best to avoid this period. However, if you do visit during this time, remember to stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun. The rainy season sees heavy rainfall and high humidity, with temperatures ranging from 77°F to 95°F (25°C to 35°C). While this might sound off-putting, it's actually a great time to see Ayutthaya's landscapes at their most lush and vibrant. Just be sure to pack a good raincoat and waterproof shoes. Regardless of when you visit, it's always a good idea to check the local weather forecast before your trip. This will help you pack appropriately and plan your activities. Also, remember that the weather can change quickly in Ayutthaya, so always be prepared for sudden showers or changes in temperature.

MonthHi / Lo (°C)Weather Overview

January

32° / 20°

January is a great time to visit Ayutthaya, as it's the coolest month with less rainfall.

February

35° / 22°

February is still relatively cool and dry, making it a good time for outdoor activities.

March

36° / 24°

March starts the hot season, with temperatures rising but still bearable for sightseeing.

April

38° / 26°

April is the hottest month, so be prepared for high temperatures and occasional showers.

May

37° / 25°

May marks the beginning of the rainy season, with high humidity and frequent showers.

June

36° / 25°

June is a wet month with high humidity, but the lush greenery makes it worth the visit.

July

35° / 25°

July is in the middle of the rainy season, so expect frequent showers and high humidity.

August

35° / 25°

August is similar to July, with high humidity and frequent showers, but the greenery is at its peak.

September

34° / 24°

September is the wettest month, so be prepared for heavy showers and high humidity.

October

33° / 24°

October sees the end of the rainy season, with less rainfall and slightly cooler temperatures.

November

33° / 22°

November is a great time to visit, as the weather is cooler and drier, making it perfect for sightseeing.

December

32° / 20°

December is one of the best months to visit, with cool temperatures and less rainfall.

Did you know?

Did you know that Ayutthaya was once the largest city in the world with a population of 1 million in the 1700s?

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